Tens of thousands of anti-coup protesters have rallied in Myanmar, despite an ominous warning from the military junta

Yangon (AFP) - Hundreds of thousands of anti-coup protesters defiantly rallied across Myanmar again Monday despite a clear threat from the junta that it was prepared to use lethal force to crush what it branded as “anarchy”.

The warning came after three demonstrators were shot dead over the weekend, and after a funeral on Sunday for a young woman who died from bullet wounds at an earlier rally.

International alarm continued to build, with the United Nations chief on Monday condemning the military’s “brutal force”, and the European Union announcing it has agreed to impose sanctions on the junta.

Massive street demonstrations have taken place since Myanmar’s military staged a coup on February 1 and detained civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi, ending a decade-long experiment with democracy.

A civil disobedience campaign has also since choked many government operations, as well as businesses and banks, and the junta late Sunday gave its most ominous signal yet that its patience was wearing thin.

There have been massive street demonstrations since Myanmar's military staged a coup and detained civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi

“Protesters are now inciting the people, especially emotional teenagers and youths, to a confrontation path where they will suffer the loss of life,” said a statement on state-run broadcaster MRTV.

It cautioned protesters against inciting “riot and anarchy”.

Protesters were undeterred by the warning, with hundreds of thousands rallying Monday in Yangon, Myanmar’s biggest city and commercial hub.

“We came out today to join in the protest, to fight until we win,” said Kyaw Kyaw, a 23-year-old university student.

The increased deployment of security forces in Myanmar has so far failed to deter protesters from rallying against the coup

“We are worried about the crackdown, but we will move forward. We are so angry.”

Residents had woken up Monday to a heavier security presence, including police and military trucks on the roads and an embassy district barricaded.

Tens of thousands of professionals and public servants also rallied in Naypyidaw, the capital and a military stronghold. More than 100 people were arrested as police chased protesters through the streets, according to an AFP journalist on the ground.

There were large protests in other cities including Mandalay, Myitkyina and Dawei.

- Potent symbol -

Myanmar’s generals had already responded to the uprising by gradually ratcheting up the use of force – and the number of political prisoners.

Main developments since the military coup in Myanmar, ousting civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi

Troops and police have used rubber bullets, tear gas, water cannon and some live rounds.

At the weekend, two people were killed when security forces fired at protesters in the city of Mandalay, and a third man was shot dead in Yangon while protecting his community on a night patrol.

Neighbours of Yangon resident Ko Tin Htut Hein, 30, held a vigil Monday evening, placing flowers at the spot where he was killed.

A young woman also died on Friday after being shot in the head at a protest and spending almost a fortnight on life support.

Mya Thwate Thwate Khaing, whose funeral was held on Sunday, was the first confirmed fatality of the protests, and she has emerged as a potent symbol of the anti-junta movement.

Authorities have detained at least 684 people since the coup, according to the monitoring group Assistance Association for Political Prisoners.

- ‘Flagrant interference’ -

Myanmar police advance towards protesters in Yangon demonstrating against the coup

Myanmar’s foreign ministry on Sunday justified its use of force against protesters, and accused the United Nations and other governments of “flagrant interference” in the country’s internal affairs.

“Despite facing the unlawful demonstrations, incitements of unrest and violence, the authorities concerned are exercising utmost restraint through minimum use of force to address the disturbances,” it said in a statement.

UN chief Antonio Guterres spoke out forcefully, condemning the junta’s “brutal force”.

“Today, I call on the Myanmar military to stop the repression immediately,” he said.

“Release the prisoners. End the violence. Respect human rights, and the will of the people expressed in recent elections.”

The United States, Canada and Britain have imposed sanctions on the generals running Myanmar.

London on Monday summoned Myanmar’s envoy for the second time this month to condemn the coup and the response to the protests.

Anti-coup protestors rallied in cities across the country including Mandalay

The European Union on Monday announced it had agreed to add the 27-nation bloc’s weight to the financial pressure.

“We took the political agreement to apply sanctions targeting the military responsible for the coup and their economic interests,” EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell said.

“All direct financial support from our development system to the government reform programmes is withheld.”

Washington also maintained its public campaign against the junta.

“The United States will continue to take firm action against those who perpetrate violence against the people of Burma as they demand the restoration of their democratically elected government,” Secretary of State Anthony Blinken tweeted.

State-broadcaster MRTV’s Facebook pages were taken down on Monday but the social media giant provided no comment.