Suga is all but certain to become the country's nex prime minister, and has promised to continue Abe's policies
Tokyo (AFP) - Japan’s parliament votes Wednesday for the country’s next prime minister, with powerful cabinet secretary Yoshihide Suga all but assured the top job, taking over from Shinzo Abe after a record-breaking tenure.
Suga, who on Monday was elected leader of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party, is viewed as a continuity candidate, saying his run was inspired by the desire to continue Abe’s policies.
Abe is ending his record run in office with a year left in his mandate, forced out by a recurrence of ulcerative colitis, a condition that has long plagued him.
He and his cabinet resigned on Wednesday morning, paving the way for a vote in parliament in the early afternoon, which Suga is expected to easily win, given the ruling party’s strong majority.
The 71-year-old has spent decades in politics, most recently as chief cabinet secretary, where he was known for pushing government policies through a sometimes intractable bureaucracy.
Suga is a long-time supporter of and advisor to Abe, who urged him to seek a second term
He has also been the face of the government, doggedly defending its policies as spokesman, including in sometimes testy exchanges with journalists.
Suga’s background, as the son of a strawberry farmer father and schoolteacher mother, sets him apart from the many blue blood political elites in his party and the Japanese political scene.
But while he has championed some measures intended to help rural areas like his hometown in northern Japan’s Akita, his political views remain something of a mystery.
- ‘This is my mission’ -
He is viewed as more pragmatic than ideological, and during his campaign spoke more about the need to break down administrative obstacles – so-called bureaucratic silos – than any grand guiding principles.
Suga was elected head of Japan's ruling party earlier in the week, all but assuring he will be the country's next prime minister
He will face a raft of tough challenges, including an economy that was already in recession before the coronavirus pandemic.
Suga has said kickstarting the economy will be a top priority, along with containing the virus – essential if the postponed Tokyo 2020 Olympics are to open as planned in July 2021.
His recipe for doing that? More of the same, he says.
“In order to overcome the crisis and give the Japanese people a sense of relief, we need to succeed in what Prime Minister Abe has been implementing,” Suga said after being elected LDP leader on Monday.
“This is my mission.”
Suga will unveil his cabinet formally later Wednesday, but leaks to Japanese media suggest it will offer few surprises.
Senior figures including Foreign Minister Toshimitsu Motegi and Finance Minister Taro Aso are expected to stay on in their jobs.
Timeline showing the expected sequence of events in the Japanese leadership succession.
Defence Minister Taro Kono is tipped to be replaced by Abe’s brother Nobuo Kishi, who was adopted by his uncle as a child and carries his surname.
Kono is reportedly set to become minister in charge of administrative reform, a portfolio Suga considers particularly important.
- ‘All my strength’ -
Just two women are so far reported to be in the cabinet, as Olympic minister and justice minister, down from the three who served in Abe’s last government.
Analysts say Suga is likely to stick with his predecessor’s signature Abenomics programme, involving vast government spending, massive monetary easing and the cutting of red tape.
On the diplomatic front, Suga is a relative novice, with little foreign policy experience.
Abe's cabinet resigned in the morning, kicking off the transition process
There too, experts say, he is likely to tread the path charted by Abe, prioritising the key relationship with the United States, whoever is president after November’s election.
Relations with China may prove trickier. Japan had been working to improve ties, but the road ahead is complicated with a global hardening of opinion against Beijing after the coronavirus and unrest in Hong Kong.
There has been speculation that Suga could call a snap election to consolidate his position and avoid being seen as a caretaker prime minister, but he has been circumspect on the prospect.
Abe will stay on as a lawmaker, with some mooting the possibility he could undertake diplomatic missions.
On Wednesday morning as he prepared to resign, Abe said he had given “all my strength” and was ending his tenure “with a sense of pride”.
“I owe everything to the Japanese people.”